If a white spot suddenly appears on your gums, your first response might be to prod at it with your finger to see what it is. But as out of place as it seems, white spots aren’t uncommon. They can be benign, like canker sores or a precancerous lump. However, depending on the size and shape of the spot, you might need to visit your dentist for an in-depth evaluation and treatment.

What Causes White Spots on Gums?

Your gums are sensitive. They often get bruised or end up swelling when mildly irritated, which leads to the appearance of white spots on the gums. Take a look below to see some of the most common causes behind gum discoloration and spotting.

1. Canker Sores

Canker sores are tiny ulcers that develop inside your mouth. Even though they might appear to be small, they can be very painful and sore, especially if something comes into contact with them. You can identify a canker sore through its white or yellow center with a bright red rim.

2. Leukoplakia

Patches of leukoplakia often resemble dried toothpaste. However, unlike toothpaste, leukoplakia spots cannot be wiped away. They are often hard but harmless since these white spots go away on their own.

3. Oral Lichen Planus

Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory condition that causes white lace-like patches to grow inside the mouth. It mainly affects the oral mucous membranes, leading to open sores and swollen gum tissues. These patches tend to be raised and can also change color, going from white to red over time.

4. Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is a result of consuming too many antibiotics. If you find white indents inside your mouth, along with bad breath and stringy textured patches, you might be dealing with a case of oral thrush.

5. Cancer

Although rare, hard bony lumps that are white in color can also be a precancerous trait. If the white spots on your gums refuse to go away or get worse over time, do not wait. Schedule a screening with your periodontist immediately.

How to Get Rid of the White Stuff on Your Gums?

Given that most white spots on gums are temporary and benign, you do not need additional treatment to eliminate them. They tend to go away on their own in a few days. However, if the spots last for more than two weeks or constantly keep appearing and disappearing, it might be better to consult a professional. With thorough testing, your periodontist will discover the reason behind the white patches, which will make treating the white spots much easier.

Prevention Tips

Here are some easy tips to prevent gum discoloration and spots.

  • Make sure to brush your teeth two times every day.
  • Floss regularly with a waxed floss.
  • Use an alcohol-free, antibacterial mouthwash.
  • Clean your tongue with a tongue scraper.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco.
  • Remember to stay hydrated. Do not let your mouth get dry.

Final Words

All in all, white spots on gums are usually harmless and pain-free. But, if the discoloration remains on your gums for longer than 10 to 14 days, contact Pearl Modern Dentistry to schedule an appointment with our expert periodontist. Simply dial (713) 766-4389, and we will help you take care of the rest.

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