Finding a bump on your gum is not exactly an ideal way to start your day. If anything, it could take a turn for the worse, causing you to spiral and panic. But did you know that having a little lump on your gums isn’t always a cause for concern?

While it might look dangerous, bumps can pop up on your gum line for many reasons. To find out what causes them to develop and how you can get rid of them, make sure to keep reading this blog.

What Causes a Bump on Your Gum?

There are numerous reasons why your gums might suddenly have a bumpy growth on them. Usually, the causes of the growth are benign. However, in some cases, the bump could indicate something serious requiring immediate dental attention.

Thus, it is crucial to pick up on the symptoms and identify what type of bump is growing on your gums. Take a look below to see some of the most common causes of the overgrowth.

  1. Gingivitis
    Gingivitis is a mild version of gum disease, which is typically brought on by bacterial infection. When the gum tissues get inflamed, they give way to bumps or lumps over the gumline.
  2. Canker Sore
    Canker sores are mouth ulcers that develop on the mouth’s soft tissues, including the gums, lips, and cheeks. They tend to be painful and appear as small bumps initially. You can identify them due to their white center and the bright red ring around it.
  3. Dental Abscess
    An abscess is a pocket of pus caused by a bacterial infection. When it forms near the gum line or the root of a tooth, it can appear as a bump on the gum, giving way to a lot of pain.
  4. Oral Injury or Trauma
    Accidental injury or trauma to the mouth can result in swelling or bruising, leading to the formation of a bump on the gum. This typically happens when the toothbrush accidentally hits your gums while brushing or other such oral trauma.
  5. Oral Cancer
    Despite being rare, certain types of bumps on the gum could be a sign of oral cancer. This is why it is crucial to have any unusual growth or sore in the mouth professionally evaluated by a dentist immediately.
  6. Oral Thrush
    Oral thrush is a fungal infection that causes white patches or bumps to develop on the gums, tongue, or inner cheeks. While these patches aren’t raised, the texture can throw you off.

How to Get Rid of a Bump on Your Gum

Treatment for a bump on the gum depends on the underlying cause. Mentioned below are a handful of dental treatment options you can get by reaching out to your periodontist.

  • Professional Cleaning
    If the bump is due to gingivitis or periodontitis, thorough dental cleaning by a hygienist can help remove plaque and tartar buildup, reducing inflammation.
  • Antibiotics
    For bacterial infections such as dental abscesses, your periodontist may prescribe antibiotics to get rid of the infection, effectively reducing swelling.
  • Dental Procedures
    In some cases, dental procedures such as root canal therapy or tooth extraction may be necessary to treat the pesky bump on your gums.
  • Oral Biopsy
    If the bump is thought to be due to oral cancer, a biopsy might be performed to evaluate the gum tissues and come to a conclusion before finalizing a treatment.

Final Takeaway

A bump on your gum is not always a cause for concern. In some cases, it might just be a benign growth, one that might fade away in a few days.

Nevertheless, it is crucial to schedule regular dental check-ups and practice good oral hygiene habits to prevent and address underlying dental problems before they become serious.

If you notice any unusual changes in your mouth or think something is wrong with your gums, do not hesitate to reach out to Pearl Modern Dentistry at (713) 766-4389 for professional evaluation and treatment.

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